RevWarTalk was started with the goal of being a positive and supportive online community for discussion of topics related to the American Revolutionary War. This is a 1790 portrait by American painter Ralph Earl. There was even a real-life Agent 355. Little is known for sure about this mysterious lady, but speculation abounds. The Culper Ring was a consortium of spies put together in 1778 by Benjamin Tallmadge under Washington’s orders during the British occupation of New York City. Culper Spy Ring, American intelligence organization that was put together and managed by Maj. Benjamin Tallmadge for the Continental Army during the American Revolution. How one bizarre, obsessive toymaker changed the industry and became baseball’s bestseller, just for the hell of it. Agent 355 was allegedly selected for service by Abraham Woodhull, the ring’s leader, who went by the alias Samuel Culper, Sr. To this day, the mysterious spy is credited as one of America’s first female undercover operatives and was integral to America’s wartime efforts. Then, in the 1940s, its history took a fascinating twist when documentation of a secret female spy known only as "355" surfaced. Agent 355 was the code name of a female spy during the American Revolution, part of the Culper Ring. ==Career== The only direct reference to Agent 355 in any of the Culper Ring’s missives was from Abraham Woodhull (Samuel Culper Sr.), to General George Washington in 1778. Kenna Howat, a historian at the National Women’s History Museum, says her wartime “contributions are largely undisputed,” noting that Woodhull wrote that Agent 355 “hath been ever serviceable to this correspondence” and could “outwit them all.” In his book, Covert Operations Management, Robert Almonte says that 355 was one of the Culper Ring spies who had “the most success.” In fact, after her service ended, the ring ceased to exist a few short years later. Intelligence, he learned, could make the difference between victory or death. With Jessica Chastain, Lupita Nyong'o, Diane Kruger, Penélope Cruz. She is quite adept with firearms and her trademark weapon is a collapsible baton. Type above and press Enter to search. A page from the Culper Ring’s code book, with noteworthy people and place names listed side by side with numerical representations. “She represents all covert agents … whose true identities are never revealed and whose stories are never told, but who offer their service and their lives on behalf of their country,” writes Kilmeade. The faceless but pivotal female spy known as Agent 355. Based on true events, Agent 355 combines adventure, romance, and espionage to bring to life this little-known story of a hero who risked her life to fight for freedom against all odds. Conspiracy theorists believe she might have given birth to a child on the ship before she died, but many historians debunk the theory, as the conditions on board were not favorable to a healthy pregnancy. The covert activities began in 1778 and they were charged with reporting on the troop movements through New York. Agent 355 is one of these. C)They used their literary skills to spread pro-Patriot propaganda D)They worked as spies for the Continental Army. Like all covert government agents, her anonymity “does not diminish” her contribution, says Howat. 240 years of … Keeping the woman’s identity a secret might have been both calculated and necessary. Agent 355 (pronounced "three fifty-five" and sometimes referred to by the other characters as simply "three-fifty") is a secret agent with the Culper Ring, a mysterious United States government agency. For example, in “Turn: Washington’s Spies” a character is based off of her. Enter your email address below to receive periodic stories and content via email, © RevWarTalk • Community Guidelines • Privacy • Terms • [email protected]. When Andre, in particular, was in New York, the Culper’s information came fast and furious, but when Andre was in the southern colonies with Sir Henry Clinton, the information slowed considerably. They were so good at secrecy, that even today we are unsure of some of their agents. Agent 355. Researchers have discovered that e-cigs could modify the same immune response genes as cigarettes do, and then some. Benedict Arnold revealed Agent 355 as a spy to the British after he escaped capture by American military forces in 1780. We can’t leave the world of Revolutionary War New York behind without finally exploring one of its captivating mysteries — the identity of agent 355. The ship is notorious for its foul conditions and cruel treatment of prisoners. The only direct reference to Agent 355 in any of the Culper Ring's missives was from Abraham Woodhull (Samuel Culper Sr.), to General George Washington in 1778. From her post in New York City, she wrote a letter in invisible ink filled with essential intelligence, folded it and prepared it for its journey to the Washington office. Despite her anonymity, Agent 355 was pivotal in exposing Benedict Arnold’s treason, and she was responsible for the arrest of Maj. John André, the leader of British intelligence in New York. Directed by Simon Kinberg. Howat says it’s even been suggested that 355 was more than one person, as according to the Culper Ring’s sophisticated encryption system, 355 was the generic code number for “lady.” Some even go so far as to suggest 355 was a random woman who gave the ring intelligence, but wasn’t formally connected to them. One theory is that she was part of a prominent Tory or Loyalist family, which would have granted her the ability to move through high society, mingling with political and military leaders stationed in New York. The ring was named for the operational names of two of its The road to the top is paved with toe shoes. I laughed when he said that because it was so seemingly hilarious, a woman be anything but invisible? He first learned to use on-the-ground information from Native Americans and deserting French soldiers during the French and Indian War. One of the most popular theories, he writes, is that she was Anna Smith Strong, a Long Island judge’s daughter with ties to the Culper Ring. The Culper Ring was George Washington ‘s clandestine spy network that operated in the streets of British occupied New York. Parents are increasingly adopting “smart” devices connected to the internet to monitor babies’ health, sleep and moods. A)They disguised themselves as men so they could fight in the war. Agent 355 heroically shaped history, but will never completely be a part of that history, compared to the names we study and revere. Agent 355 is an unknown woman who worked as a spy who is thought to have a major role in exposing Benedict Arnold. So, who was this brave badass heroine? Benjamin had asked one thing of me: be invisible. Like all covert government agents, her anonymity “does not diminish” her contribution, says Howat. However, several theories have been developed, ranging from claims that 355 must have been the already-known Anna Smith Strong to hypotheses about other relations of identified ring members. Revolutionary Reads: Those Turbulent Sons of Freedom. What is known is that she was located in New York and at some point had contact with Major John Andre and Benedict Arnold. Another theory says she was the common-law wife of Culper Ring operative Robert Townsend — or, if not, that he was in love with her. Agent 355 is one of the first spies for the United States, but her real identity is unknown. In December 1926, crime writer Agatha Christie engineered what remains her greatest mystery: her own unsolved disappearance. Agent 355 has become a part of popular fiction, being cited in Y: The Last Man from Vertigo Comics as an inspiration for a modern spy also called 355, and being included in Assassins Creed 3’s in-game database of historical facts, in which her information was critical in helping the protagonist in discovering the British plot to capture West Point. It is believed that 355 was a member of a prominent Loyalist family, and within easy reach of British commanders. Whoever she was, despite pressure on the ring to reveal her identity, and historical inquiries into the past, Kilmeade describes the protection of her name as “watertight.”. Her real identity is unknown. If the story is to be believed, 355 was a great asset to the American bid for independence. This story is based on various accounts of a female agent in the Culper Spy Ring during the Revolutionary War. Elizabeth Burgin participated by helping a large number of Patriots imprisoned by the British to escape the jails, while Agent 355 was a spy that leaked information from the British to the American Patriots. The sender? Howat says keeping the woman’s identity a secret might have been both calculated and necessary to “protect her in the aftermath of the Revolutionary War.”. Two hundred and twenty five years of research on the American Revolution has yielded little information on the enigmatic agent 355. We only know her as “355… One such spy, known as Agent 355, remains a mystery but Abraham Woodhull wrote that she “hath been ever serviceable to this correspondence.” Even though women were not allowed to serve in the military, they found other ways to further their cause, … Garlic: so good for your health, so bad for your social life. Many historians it seems, discount the possibility of 355 in the Culper code referring to a specific person at all. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. When Andre, in particular… The identity of the woman known solely as 355 has yet to be discovered. Agent 355 is one of the most enigmatic figures of the American Revolution, and after 200 years her identity is still unknown to us. These teams aren’t at the top of their sports. Regardless of whether or not she bore an heir, Agent 355’s legacy lives on. The search for that perfect cup had to start somewhere…. Brian Kilmeade investigates the mystery of America's first female spy in his book 'George Washington's Secret Six: The Spy Ring That Saved the American Revolution' In Marie Benedict’s historical fiction account, Agent 355 does not live happily ever after, but she does manage to save her son. Agent 355 was the code name of a female spy during the American Revolution, part of the Culper Ring. Agent 355 was the code name of a female spy during the American Revolution, part of the Culper Ring. But I guess that’s why he asked me. Agent 355 was held aboard the notorious prison ship HMS Jersey in New York harbor, where conditions on those prison ships were so horrific that life expectancy was only a few months. However, John Burke and Andrea Meyer have made a case for 355’s involvement in the spy ring using circumstantial evidence. History rarely covers the role of women in war, but one of America’s first spies was female. It is believed that 355 was a member of a prominent Loyalist family, and within easy reach of British commanders. There are several other women, like Betty Floyd, Mary Underhill and Sally Townsend, who were connected to the ring that historians have speculated were Agent 355. This leads historians to believe that 355 was one of the flock of females that surrounded Major Andre. The number, 355, could be de-crypted from the system the Culper Ring used to mean “lady.”( She later gave birth to a boy, but allegedly died aboard the ship. The ring was also aided by a mysterious “Agent 355.” In the code used by the ring, this title simply meant “lady,” and nothing further was stated about her identity in official reports. Agent 355 was arrested and apparently died aboard one of the vile prison ships in New York harbor. When a top-secret weapon falls into mercenary hands, a wild card CIA agent joins forces with three international agents on a lethal mission to retrieve it, while staying a step ahead of a mysterious woman who's tracking their every move. Advances in computing technology have flung open the door to countless possibilities for protein drug design. ©2020 Audible Originals, LLC (P)2020 Audible Originals, LLC. What did Elizabeth Burgin and Agent 355 have in common?They disguised themselves as men so they could fight in the war.They organized colonial protests against the British.They used their literary skills to spread pro-Patriot propaganda.They worked as spies for the Continental Army. The American Revolution was in full swing, and this correspondence would relay vital information to Gen. George Washington through the Culper Ring. “Agent 355” by Marie Benedict and narrated by Emily Rankin is an audible original production about a female spy in the late 1700’s. The father of the child, the lover of Agent 355, was said to be the lifelong bachelor Robert Townsend of Oyster Bay, known in the revolutionary spy business as Culper Jr. It seems that Agent 355 met her untimely end in 1780, when she was finally captured by the British and died on a prison ship, the HMS Jersey, from severe maltreatment. It would have made her invisible, the last possible suspect in espionage. As the diary’s editor states: “Essentially the name of Agent 355 remains the last mystery of the American War of Independence.” The crucial role of the Long Island spy ring in winning America’s freedom has inspired books and even a popular TV series. There are some pretty badass Black women in comics, and Agent 355 is at the top of my list of favorites. The only direct reference to Agent 355 in any of the Culper Ring’s missives was from Abraham Woodhull (Samuel Culper Sr.), to General George Washington in 1778. Benedict is known for her historical fiction stories of women who changed history. At this point, Washington complained that the Culpers were a waste of money. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Portrait of Col. Benjamin Tallmadge, organizer of the Culper Ring, with his son William Tallmadge. Source(s): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agent_355. In ”Assassin’s Creed 3” there is also a character based off of her named “355”. To say that agent 355 was good at her job would be an understatement. She did not die forever, though: you can spot Agent 355 in modern television shows, comics, and video games. A lovestruck scavenger hunt for the legendary trees is just another romantic reason to visit St. As legalized sports gambling fast approaches, media houses and broadcasters are preparing to serve speculators data and insights. African American chemist Percy Julian was a pioneer in the chemical synthesis of medicinal drugs such as cortisone, steroids and birth control pills. Regardless of whether or not she bore an heir, Agent 355’s legacy lives on. Others say that she did not really exist, that 355 was simply just a lady of acquaintance to Abraham Woodhull who was mentioned in passing and really no help to the Culpers at all. In Turn, 355 is depicted as a former slave of Anna Strong working for British head of intelligence John André. Agent 355 (pronounced "three fifty-five", not "three-five-five", and sometimes referred to by the other characters as simply "three-fifty") is a secret agent who is part of the Culper Ring, a mysterious United States government agency.She is at least the tenth agent to have that number. She was captured in October of that year and held on the prison ship HMS Jersey, anchored off the American east coast at the time. Created by one of my favorite comics writers Brian K. Vaughan in his epic series Y: The Last Man, she was a secret agent for of the Culper Ring, a secret spy ring that grew out of the American Revolutionary War and conducts all sorts of shady covert ops. What is known is that she was located in New York and at some point had contact with Major John Andre and Benedict Arnold. Yet despite her bravery, her true identity remains unknown more than 200 years later. The Culper reports then decayed significantly, even after Robert Townsend resumed spying. Agent 355 is one of the first spies for the United States, but her real identity is unknown. From the beginning of Washington’s meteoric rise, intelligence gathering helped shape his military career. She is at least the tenth agent to have that number, dating back to the original Agent 355 who served under George Washington. It operated in British-controlled New York City from 1778 to 1783. So in 1775, when the Second Continental Congress chose Washington as commander in chief of the Contine… [1] The number, 355, could be de-crypted from the system the Culper Ring used to mean "lady Agent 355. by Hannah Van Essen November 27, 2018 November 26, 2018. Her real identity is unknown. Here’s how artists, techies and designers are f*cking with facial recognition in the pursuit of privacy. History is written by a few winners, but made by countless unlucky geniuses and courageous losers. Answer: Both Elizabeth Burgin and Agent 355 were American women that participated in the American Revolutionary War helping the Patriots. There is very little information out there about agent 355, and what is out there is often in conflict with other sources. Despite being the spy who fingered Benedict Arnold, and helped in the arrest of Major John Andre to name a few, agent 355’s true identity is a mystery even to this day. Agent 355 was the code name of a female spy during the American Revolution, part of the Culper Ring. B)They organized colonial protests against the British. Press Esc to cancel. The designation of 355 comes from a numerical code system created by Maj. Tallmadge. Little is known for sure about this mysterious lady, but speculation abounds. On Sunday, my son and I … Agent 355, a vital character in the DC series Y: The Last Man, claims to be a member of the clandestine (and centuries old) spy organization, the Culper Ring. 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