Sororal is a type of polygyny form of marriage in which one man marries two or more wives which are related as sisters. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. What is Polygyny? A typical rule for sororal polygyny is that the eldest girl in a family marries first and that…. It is often called ‘sororate’ as the word ‘soror’ stands for sister. Polygyny is the form of marriage in which one man marries more than one woman at a given time. : a polygyny in which the wives are sisters —contrasted with fraternal polyandry — compare levirate, sororate. What is the great "myth" that is commonly held in North American regarding the reason for the establishment of a taboo against first-cousin marriage in the United States? Sororal polygyny, in which the cowives are sisters, is often the preferred form because sisters are thought to be more mutually supportive and less argumentative than nonsiblings. People practice this marriage for economic benefit. In most cultures, women contribute significantly to the wealth of the household and can thus materially benefit from the labour of an additional spouse. Where mortality rates of men consistently exceed those of women, polygyny can be seen as a resolution to the “deficit” of males and the “surplus” of females. The textual principle focuses on the ordinary meaning of the text. Sororal is a type of polygyny form of marriage in which one man marries two or more wives which are related as sisters. Murdock, George Peter: 1949 "In the presence of non-sororal polygyny, collateral relatives outside of the polygynous family tend to be terminologically differentiated from primary relatives of … Updates? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Group marriage – a family, including multiple wives and husbands. Sororal Polygyny is a type of marriage in which the wives are invariably the sisters. In India the tribes such as Tiyan, Toda, Kota, Khasa, and Bota of … In this type of marriage, there occurs jealousy among the wives and their children leading to conflict in the family. Most countries that permit polygyny today are Muslim-majority countries . In most polygynous cultures, some people choose monogamy. Often, the co-wives are sisters, an arrangement known as sororal polygyny. The maximum in the Great Sandy Desert was 5 or 6; among the Tiwi, 29; among the Yolngu, 20 to 25, with many men having 10…. Marital harmony may be additionally fostered by customs that valorize the institution, restrict polygyny to the sororal form, or—especially in matrilineal cultures—support easy and recrimination-free divorce. There is sororal polygyny, as in 'sorority,' in which the wives of a plural marriage are biological sisters. When several sisters are simultaneously, or potentially the spouses of the same man, the practice is called ‘sororate’. Sororate marriage is a type of marriage in which a husband engages in marriage or sexual relations with the sister of his wife, usually after the death of his wife or if his wife has proven infertile. The practice of polygamy, or plural marriage, includes polygyny and polyandry. (also sororate), a custom whereby a man enters into marital relations with several women who are sisters or cousins. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Sororal polygyny is a form of polygamous marriage in which two or more sisters share one husband or more. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Most marriages were monogamous, although polygyny was also common; polygynous marriages usually involved sisters sharing a husband, as this built on established bonds and ensured that friendly parties would share in raising the household’s children and caring for its elders.…, …one wife at a time, polygyny was considered both legitimate and good. (a) Polygyny. In other words, when several sisters simultaneously become the wives of a sin man the type of marriage is called sororal polygyny. This anticipatory sororate generally is found in societies in which sororal polygyny is popular. Introduction: The institution of marriage, quite like that of the family, is universal. They are very convincing and will definitely work.Nonetheless, the posts are very short for newbies.May you please extend them a bit from subsequent time?Thank you for the post. Omissions? Sororal polygyny, a man’s marriage to two or more sisters, seems to work because siblings, having grown up together, are more likely to get along and cooperate than co-wives who practice nonsororal polygyny—that is, who are not related. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/polygyny-marriage. All of the following are forms of marriage except: polygyny monogamy sororal polyandry polygamy. Quran. To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! Changing Marriage Patterns - Sociology | Management Notes, Characteristics of Big Data | Types and Examples of Major Networks (LAN and WAN), Impact of Information Technology on Various Sectors | Managing Information Systems and Technology, Advantages and Disadvantages of Observational Studies | Business Research Methodology, Investment Theory and Systematic Risk – Risk Reward Ratio | Investment Analysis, Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) – Copyright Infringement and Patent Infringement | Business Law, Key elements of Organizational Behavior | Organizational Behavior, Relationship between Business Management and Sociology - Sociology | Management Notes, Emerging Trends in Organization Behavior - Organizational Behavior | Management Notes. Polygyny- Polygyny Marriage | Fundamentals of Sociology. It was a common practice in ancient civilizations. The Latin word ‘Soror’ stands for sister. Required fields are marked *. i.e. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. of children which increase the economic burden on the head of the family as he has to support in the family. Under apartheid in the 1970s and 80s, sororal polygyny increased the reproductive success of women who participated. Sororal Polygyny: It is a type of marriage in which a man is simultaneously married to one or more of his wife’s sisters. This type of marriage was mostly practiced in ancient civilizations. Polygyny, marriage in which two or more women share a husband. The most frequently encountered variant is polygyny, the marriage of one husband to multiple wives. Polygyny ( / pəˈlɪdʒɪniː /; from Neoclassical Greek πολυγυνία from πολύ - poly- "many", and γυνή gyne "woman" or "wife") is the most common and accepted form of polygamy, entailing the marriage of a man with several women. Most countries that permit polygamy are Muslim-majority countries in which polygyny is the only form permitted. It is often called ‘sororate’. Polygyny allows men to marry more than one woman simultaneously. This type of marriage is practiced in Nagas of India, Crow Indians, Eskimo tribes, Hidasta of North America, etc. In this type of marriage, the children cannot be looked after properly because too many of them are to be looked after. A typical rule for sororal polygyny is that the eldest girl in a family marries first and that as they come of age her younger sisters join her as cowives; this was a practice in at least 40 Native American cultures during the 19th century. Many people practice this marriage to enjoy a sex life with multiple wives because of sex relations with a woman during her menstrual, pregnancy, and lactation periods are taboo in many societies. Polygyny, marriage in which two or more women share a husband. Fraternal polyandry definition is - polyandry in which several brothers share one wife —contrasted with sororal polygyny. The term “sororate” was introduced by J. Frazer, who collected data on the custom among many peoples of America, Asia, Oceania, and Africa. Sororal polygyny, in which the cowives are sisters, is often the preferred form because sisters are thought to be more mutually supportive and less argumentative than nonsiblings. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The custom was first described by L. H. Morgan. Polygyny has several economic, social, and health advantages over monogamy. During postpartum recovery, for instance, cowives can usually rely upon each other to perform the most strenuous work of the household. Tensions may be reduced by establishing a clear hierarchy among the co-wives, or if the co-wives are sisters (sororal polygyny), or if they each keep a separate household (hut polygyny). Definition of sororal polygyny. sororal polyandry. (b) Polyandry. Your email address will not be published. When the wives are related to each other as sisters it is called as sororal polygyny. By creating opportunities for sexual companionship among the other members of the marriage, polygyny also supports the once common expectation that women will remain sexually abstinent for two or more years beginning in the last months of pregnancy (or upon parturition). Polygyny is the correct term for a marriage between a man and multiple women. The opposite is levirate marriage. Sororal polygyny, in which the cowives are sisters, is often the preferred form because sisters are thought to be more mutually supportive and less argumentative than nonsiblings. This practice of marriage becomes common in the society where there is more woman as compared to men which creates an imbalance in the sex ration. In order to dampen strife, many groups accord seniority to one wife, usually the first. At present it may be present in primitive tribes like Crow Indians, Baigas and Gonds of … Sororal polygyny, in which the cowives are sisters, is often the preferred form because sisters are thought to be more mutually supportive and less argumentative than nonsiblings. Therefore, they are seen more as choosing co-wives rather than husbands This is often explained as a way to avoid marital strife or the expense of supporting several cowives and a multitude of children or as a result of a dearth of eligible or willing women. A typical rule for sororal polygyny is that the eldest girl in a family marries first and that as they come of age her younger sisters join her as cowives; this was a practice in at least 40 Native American cultures during the 19th century. Polygyny: The types of polygyny are: Sororal polygyny – the wives are sisters; Non-sororal polygyny – the wives are unrelated; Levirate marriage – the heir of a deceased man (or his brother) inherits his wife. When several sisters are simulta­neously, or potentially the spouses of the same man, the practice is called ‘sororate’. Many people practice this marriage because of the childlessness of the first wife. It is much more common than polyandry, which … At least 3(reasons in detail) • Life expectancy is how long a person on average can live. Socially, cowives and their children may accrue enhanced status and prestige as members of a large (and therefore inherently prosperous) household. Non-Sororal Polygyny: Non-Sororal is a type of marriage in which one man marries two or more wives which are not related as sisters. Definition of marriage in sociology too covered. Still, in some societies like Korea, Muslims can have four wives at a time if they want. Polygyny is more popular than polyandry but not as universal as monogamy. It is much less common than polygyny. Wikipedia Dictionaries. Despite the claim that marriage is a bond between one man and one woman, polygamy (defined broadly as plural marriage) is extremely common and was even more so in the past. The Latin word ‘Soror’ stands for sister. It is often called ‘sororate’. Sororal polygyny: Irons suggests that females may be interested in polygyny insofar as co-wife cooperation through sororal polygyny enhances RS. Polygyny is a form of marriage in which one man married more than one woman at a given time. Temporary marriage (Mut’ah marriage) or marriage for the purpose of making her permissible for first husband (Tahleel marriage) are harams and invalid. of women. In assessing Canada's obligations under the various treaties that protect the rights of women and children, there are four guiding principles in treaty interpretation: the textual principle, the contextual principle, the object and purpose principle, and the dynamic principle. Wives may be related among themselves. Polygyny or the marriage of a man to two or more women at the same time is not a common norm in Philippine culture but is adopted by the Muslim populace under Shari’ah or Islamic Law. This practice fosters adequate birth spacing for the mother to recover from the physiological and emotional stresses associated with pregnancy, lactation, and the care of a young child. Polygyny can also have a positive effect on maternal and child health. There's also nonsororal polygyny , in which the wives of a plural marriage … Polygamy allows marriage to more than one person at the same time. (i) Sororal Polygyny: It is a type of marriage in which more than one sister become the wives of a sin husband. Polyandry refers to a marriage between a woman and multiple men. Non-Sororal is a type of marriage in which one man marries two or more wives which are not related as sisters. As Cook notes, for human rights treaties, a textual approach that looks to objective criteria is more appropriate than subjective criteria that try to ascertain only the intent of the P… (i) Sororal Polygyny is a type of marriage in which the wives are invariably the sisters. Generally when polygamy is mentioned by the media, a marriage between a man and multiple women is being referenced; however, the term is being misused. The average number of wives in polygynous unions was 2 or 3. In some of the African Tribes like longas and Thongas people practice polygyny forms of marriage thinking that women can contribute to family income. Where polygyny exists, there may be a degree of sexual permissiveness between a husband and his wife's younger sister in anticipation of a presumed future marriage between them. It is believed that the marriage that will make her permissible for her first husband must be a valid marriage. Corrections? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Your email address will not be published. In societies that provide no institutionalized role for unmarried women, the status of a cowife may be preferable to that of a single woman. Polygamy: Not all types of polygamy are allowed. In this type of marriage, the women possess a lower position in the family as there are more no. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Learn how your comment data is processed. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! The most common form is a man marrying the eldest sister first then eventually marrying her younger sisters. Women who entered and allowed polygynous marriage explained its advantages as help from other adult women with child-rearing; sharing workload; increasing the freedom of individual wives; companionship, and economic gain. Polygyny (/pəˈlɪdʒɪniː/; from Neoclassical Greek πολυγυνία from πολύ- poly- "many", and γυνή gyne "woman" or "wife"[1]) is the most common and accepted form of polygamy, entailing the marriage of a man with several women. ... Polygyny is a form of marriage in which one man married more than one woman at a given time. Having more wives leads to more no. Polygamous marriage Polygamy – a marriage more than two partners • Polygyny - man married to more than one wife • Polyandry – woman married to more than one husband • Group/Conjoint marriage – multiple husbands and wives • Sororal polygyny/polyandry It is practised under the belief that there is less likely to be rivalry between the wives as the sisters have been raised together, have preexisting emotional bonds and are therefore less likely to … (a) Polygyny: In this type of marriage one man marries to several women. Harem defense polygyny occurs when males can coerce females and defend harem against other males 3. 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